Oregon State University

Earth Science

What is Earth Science? Related Careers
Related Skills Job & Internship Search Links
Career Planning Links Professional Association Links
Miscellaneous Links OSU Earth Science Program

What is Earth Science?

The Earth Science Program at OSU explains "Earth science is the study of all aspects of our planet and their interactions with living systems. Each aspect of the earth interacts with the others in fascinating and important ways and the study of these interactions is increasingly important to our society.

"There are four major disciplines in the broad area of earth sciences: geography, geology, geophysics and geodesy. These major disciplines use physics, chemistry, biology, chronology and mathematics to build a quantitative understanding of the principal areas of the earth system.

"Earth science is generally defined as the interdisciplinary study encompassing phenomena of the earth's domains: the lithosphere, the hydrosphere, the atmosphere and the biosphere. These domains correspond to rocks, water, air and life. The field is now evolving in a direction that increasingly includes the cryosphere (corresponding to ice) as a distinct portion of the hydrosphere, and the pedosphere (corresponding to soil) as part of an actively mixing, dynamic earth system."

Related Careers

Atmospheric Scientist Marine Geologist
Civil Engineer Meteorologist
Cultural Preservationist Minerals Surveyor
Drilling Engineer Mining Engineer
Economic Geologist Mud Logger
Engineer National Park Administrator
Engineering Geologist Natural Hazards Mitigation Coordinator
Environmental Consultant Natural Resource Manager
Environmental Geologist Oceanographer
Environmental Protection Agent Petroleum Geologist
Environmental Protection Specialist Petrologist
Environmental Scientist Planetary Geologist
Field Seismologist Professor
Forester Sedimentologist
Geochemist Seismic Interpreter
Geographer Seismologist
geographic Specialist Soil Scientist
Geologist Teacher/Professor
Geophysical Data Processor Technical Writer
Geophysicist U.S. Geological Surveyor
Geoscientist Urban/Regional Planner
Glacial Geologist Volvanologist
Hydrogeologist Water Resource Developer
Independent Research Technician Watershed Manager
Land-use Planner Well Site Geologist

Related Skills

Analytical Skills Investigative Seek Challenges
Communication Skills (Oral & Written) Mathematical Abilities Technical Skills
Flexibility with Work Settings Scientific Background Understand Complex Multidimensional Problems

Job & Internship Search Links

USAJobs.gov - check out the Students and Recent Grads section and the Federal Jobs by College Major for a listing of job titles related to your major.

Resources & Jobs

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Earthworks Jobs

Geography Jobs

GIS Jobs, Internships and Careers

Jobs at USGS

Geography Job Resources


Career Planning Links

Occupational Outlook Handbook -  the following links also provide a summary of the career, what they do, the work environment, how to become one, the job outlook, similar occupations and contacts for more information.

Explore Careers in Earth & Physical Sciences

Geoscience Careers

Earth Science MajorTopia

Guide to Geoscience Careers

Professional Association Links

The Geological Society of America

American Geosciences Institute

United States Environmental Protection Agency

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service


American Associaiton of Petroleum Geologists

Geochemical Society

Independent Petroleum Association of America

Society of Economic Geologists

Soil Science Society of America

Miscellaneous Links

NASA Earth Science

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